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Astrophysics > High Energy Astrophysical Phenomena

Title: Evolution of the radio - X-ray coupling throughout an entire outburst of Aquila X-1

Authors: J. C. A. Miller-Jones (1), G. R. Sivakoff (2), D. Altamirano (3), V. Tudose (4), S. Migliari (5), V. Dhawan (1), R. P. Fender (6), M. A. Garrett (4), S. Heinz (7), E. G. Körding (8), H. A. Krimm (9), M. Linares (10), D. Maitra (11), S. Markoff (3), Z. Paragi (12), R. A. Remillard (10), M. P. Rupen (1), A. Rushton (6), D. M. Russell (3), C. L. Sarazin (2), R. E. Spencer (13) ((1) NRAO, (2) U. Virginia, (3) U. Amsterdam, (4) ASTRON, (5) ESAC, (6) U. Southampton, (7) U. Wisconsin-Madison, (8) U. Paris Diderot, (9) NASA/GSFC, (10) MIT, (11) U. Michigan, (12) JIVE, (13) U. Manchester)
(Submitted on 17 May 2010 (v1), last revised 22 May 2010 (this version, v2))
Abstract: The 2009 November outburst of the neutron star X-ray binary Aquila X-1 was observed with unprecedented radio coverage and simultaneous pointed X-ray observations, tracing the radio emission around the full X-ray hysteresis loop of the outburst for the first time. We use these data to discuss the disc-jet coupling, finding the radio emission to be consistent with being triggered at state transitions, both from the hard to the soft spectral state and vice versa. Our data appear to confirm previous suggestions of radio quenching in the soft state above a threshold X-ray luminosity of about 10% of the Eddington luminosity. We also present the first detections of Aql X-1 with Very Long Baseline Interferometry (VLBI), showing that any extended emission is relatively diffuse, and consistent with steady jets rather than arising from discrete, compact knots. In all cases where multi-frequency data were available, the source radio spectrum is consistent with being flat or slightly inverted, suggesting that the internal shock mechanism that is believed to produce optically thin transient radio ejecta in black hole X-ray binaries is not active in Aql X-1.
Comments: Accepted for publication in ApJ Letters. 17 pages, 4 figures, 1 long table. Revision has removed one unused reference and corrected a typo in Section 3.2 (changing the sign of the spectral index)
Subjects: High Energy Astrophysical Phenomena (astro-ph.HE)
Journal reference: Astrophysical Journal Letters 716 (2010) L109-L114
Cite as: arXiv:1005.3066 [astro-ph.HE]
  (or arXiv:1005.3066v2 [astro-ph.HE] for this version)

Submission history

From: James Miller-Jones [view email]
[v1] Mon, 17 May 2010 21:59:53 GMT (141kb)
[v2] Sat, 22 May 2010 17:24:57 GMT (141kb)
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