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1858 in History

January 1 Canada begins using decimal currency system
January 14 French Emperor Napoleon III escapes attempt on his life by Felice Orsini, an Italian patriot who was later executed
January 25 Mendelssohn's "Wedding March" 1st played, at wedding of Queen Victoria's daughter Princess Victoria, to crown prince of Prussia
January 28 John Brown organized raid on Arsenal at Harper's Ferry
January 30 Charles Halle founds Halle Orchestra in Manchester
January 30 William Wells Brown published 1st Black drama, "Leap to Freedom"
February 11 1st apparition of Mary to 14-year-old Bernadette of Lourdes France
February 13 Sir Richard Burton and John Speake explore Lake Tanganyika, Africa
February 21 Edwin T. Holmes installs 1st electric burglar alarm (Boston, Massachusetts)
February 22 Dion Boucicault's "Jessie Brown," premieres in New York City
March 2 Frederick Cook, New Orleans, patents a cotton-bale metallic tie
March 8 Opera "I Pagliacci" is produced (Naples)
March 9 Albert Potts of Philadelphia patents the street mailbox
March 18 Dutch Van der Brugghen government resigns
March 23 Streetcar patented (E A Gardner of Philadelphia)
March 30 Pencil with attached eraser patented by Hyman L. Lipman
April 12 1st U.S. billiards championship (Michael J Phelan wins in Detroit)
May 4 War of Reform (Mexico); Liberals establish capital at Vera Cruz
May 8 John Brown holds antislavery convention
May 11 Minnesota admitted as 32nd U.S. state
May 15 Royal Italian Opera opens in Covent Garden London
May 22 Confederacion Granadina (now Colombia) forms
May 28 Dion Boucicault's "Foul Play," premieres in London
May 30 Hudson's Bay Co rights to Vancouver Island revoked
June 2 Donati Comet 1st seen named after it's discoverer
June 16 Abraham Lincoln says "A house divided against itself cannot stand"
June 21 Louisiana chess prodigy Paul Morphy arrives in Europe
June 29 Great fire in London harbor
June 29 Treaty of Algun, China cedes north bank of Amur River to Russia
July 2 Partial emancipation of Russian serfs
July 6 Lyman Blake patents shoe manufacturing machine
July 20 Fee 1st charged to see a baseball game (50 cents ) (New York beats Brooklyn 22-18)
July 20 Gathering of Plombieres - Napoleon III meets Cavour
July 23 Jewish Disabilities Removal Act passed by British Parliament
July 26 Baron Lionel de Rothschild is 1st Jew elected to British Parliament
July 28 Nadar takes 1st airborne photo, in a balloon
July 28 William Herschel of the Indian Civil Service in India
July 29 1st commercial treaty between U.S. and Japan signed
July 29 U.S. citizens allowed to live anywhere in Japan
August 2 1st mailboxes installed in Boston and New York City streets
August 2 Government of India transferred from East India Company to Crown
August 5 Cyrus W. Field completes 1st transatlantic telegraph cable
August 15 Regular mail to Pacific coast begins
August 16 Britain's Queen Victoria telegraphs President James Buchanan
August 17 1st bank in Hawaii opens
August 18 Netherlands and Japan sign trade agreement
August 21 1st Lincoln-Douglas debate (Illinois)
August 24 Richmond "Daily Dispatch" reports 90 blacks arrested for learning
September 1 1st transatlantic cable fails after less than 1 month
September 8 Lincoln makes a speech about when you can fool people
September 10 John Holden hits 1st recorded home run (Brooklyn vs New York)
September 13 Hamburg-US ship Austria catches fire and sinks, 471 die
September 16 1st overland mail for California
September 28 Donati's comet becomes 1st to be photographed
October 21 In Paris, the Can-Can is 1st performed
October 21 Jacques Offenbach's opera "Orphee aux Enfers," premieres in Paris
October 26 Hamilton Smith patents rotary washing machine
October 27 RH Macy and Co opens 1st store, (6th Ave-NYC) Gross receipts $1106
October 28 Macy's Department store opens in New York City
November 9 1st performance of New York Symphony Orchestra
November 17 Origin of Modified Julian Period
December 12 1st Canadian coins circulated (1 cent, 5 cent, 10 cent and 20 cent)
December 16 Dutch government decides to vacate Schokland Island
December 18 Passy, at Paris: 1st "Samedi soir" i/d villa of lovers Rossini


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